Implant literally means the placement of inanimate substances into the body and living tissues for treatment purposes. Dental implants are structures that are placed in, on, or in the bone and intended to
replace the tooth. We can also say that it is an artificial tooth root made of suitable material and placed in the jawbone in order to restore the function and aesthetics of the missing teeth.
Implants are screws obtained from titanium metal, which get along best with the body with advanced technology. Sometimes, zirconium implants may be preferred instead of titanium, depending on the patient.
Implants can be applied to all individuals who have completed bone development. This age is 15-16 for women and 17-18 for men. There is no upper age limit for implant application; Implants can be successfully applied to people of all ages whose general health status is suitable. Older people need more implants, especially since tooth loss is more common in elderly people, and there is a problem in prosthesis retention due to bone resorption. Therefore, dental implant applications are more common in older individuals than in young people. Implant treatments consist of two stages. Surgical stage and superstructure stage. After the implants are placed surgically, a certain period of time is expected. This waiting period is the time required for the implant, called "osteointegration", to biologically fuse with the jawbone.
If a sufficient number of implants can be made, a fixed porcelain bridge can be made by gluing. However, sometimes in patients using a total denture (full palate), there is not enough bone amount or
because there is a more economical implant solution, 2-4 implants are placed symmetrically and a precision-connected prosthesis (prosthesis with snaps) supported by the implants to increase the
retention of the removable prosthesis used by the patient. can be done. In every possible case, we prefer fixed prostheses that do not need to be removed from the patient's mouth. The figure below shows a precision-connected prosthesis planning, which is a more economical solution. In edentulous mouths, it can be used to increase the retention of the patient's full denture with 2-4 implants as seen in the figure above. Such an application is preferred in
cases that do not allow fixed prosthesis application because there is not enough bone to place the implant. In some cases, it is a method that is applied as a more economical solution upon the
request of the patient.
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